The children will learn who the ancient Maya people were and where and when they lived. They will use maps and atlases to locate Maya cities and identify countries in Mesoamerica. In addition to this they will learn about the religious beliefs and rituals of the ancient Maya people and find out more about some of the many gods they worshipped. The children will also learn about the Maya number system and have the opportunity to read and write Maya numbers and solve number problems. They will learn about the Maya writing system too and practise writing words using logograms and syllabograms in the hieroglyphic style of the ancient Maya people. The children will learn about the work of the explorers John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood and have the opportunity to analyse historical pictures of the cities they discovered. They will also learn about the types of food eaten by the ancient Maya people and they will find out about the significance of corn and chocolate, arguing which was most important in a class debate.
In this unit, children will take a look at the geography of the UK – from the physical features of mountains, rivers and seas to the manmade administrative regions and counties. They will find out how the UK has changed over time, looking at how London grew and how the population of the UK as a whole has changed throughout the course of history.
• locate the countries that make up the UK on a map;
• name the capital cities of the countries of the UK;
• label key cities in the UK on a map;
• name the seas surrounding the UK;
• name some of the UK’s main rivers;
• find the names of seas on a map;
• explain what a county is;
• find their county on a map;
• explain who first settled in London;
• describe some ways that London has changed since AD43;
• find London on world and UK maps;
• describe how the UK population has changed over time.